The most famous and fun festivity of Barcelona: Santa Eulalia

  • Festivity of Barcelona giants

When does this festivity take place?

Santa Eulalia’s festivity is always celebrated on February 12th. The festival of Santa Eulàlia is also known as “La Laia” festival, nickname for Eulalia.

Who was Eulalia?

You have to be wondering who was Eulalia and how she became a Saint. She is the city’s ‘second’ patron saint. She is a co-patron saint of Barcelona along with “la Mare de Déu de la Mercè”. She represents justice, solidarity and youth. She died on February 12th 303 and nowadays this day is celebrated every year as Saint Eulàlia’s day.

But, how did she become a Saint?

The legend tells that this 13 years old girl was prosecuted in the beginning of the 4th century by the Roman Empire for being Christian. She refused to turn down her Christian faith and the Roman Consul Dacià punished her with 13 horrible agonies. Each torture was more painful than the previous one. Here there is the list of all of them:

  1. She was imprisoned naked in prison
  2. She was whipped while she was naked
  3. They tore her skin in stripes
  4. Standing still barefoot over burning embers
  5. They cut off her breast
  6. They rubbed her wounds with rough stones
  7. She was branded with cast iron
  8. They put needles over all her body
  9. They threw boiling water over her
  10. They threw molten lead over her
  11. They locked her up inside a room full of fleas
  12. Roll her down naked inside a barrel full of knives, broken glasses and swords
  13. They crucified her

Nowadays, in the Gothic Quarter there is a street called “Baixada de Santa Eulalia”, meaning “Saint Eulalia’s descent”. It’s supposed to be the street where she was rolled down inside the barrel. When she came of it, she didn’t have a single scratch.

The story says that God protected her and made her immune to pain. She ended up crucified in the place she finally died. The story says that at that moment it started snowing, covering her body and hiding it from the indiscreet looks of the locals.

Feativity-of-barcelona-street

How is this festivity celebrated today?

Festivity-of-Barcelona-correfocs

To celebrate this Barcelonian festivity, the city organizes a ton of Catalan traditional activities: parades through the streets and squares of Ciutat Vella with giant big heads, medieval dances, concerts, plays, correfocs (in which people dress as devils and dragons and run through the streets breathing fire and sparks), castellers (human tower-building) in the Plaza de Sant Jaume, etc.

Festivity-of-Barcelona-castellers

For more info about all these cool events, you can check the official program here.

Get ready to have a lot of fun!

2019-11-27T14:43:53+01:00Traditions|

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